A water infusion of the leaves was used for bathing to cure headache or body pains, or gargled to treat toothache. The berries are red/black and occur in clusters. Decoctions and infusions produced from the leaves were used by the first Australians to treat a variety of bacterial diseases. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. Calyx lobes acute, about 1.5-2 mm long. Statistics. Ornamental use may be limited due to its raggedy appearance that is caused by insect damage. The saponin breaks down the surface tension of the water, leading to deoxygenation which stuns the fish and causes them to float to the surface. Common Name: Toi. It is endemic to Australia, being found in New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory and the northeastern tip of Western Australia. Leaf blades about 3-18.5 x 1.2-6 cm, white or whitish on the underside. Chemid BETULINICACID Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. Alphitonia excelsa (Rhamnaceae) and Arcangelesia flava (Menispermaceae) are utilized by locals in Samar island for medicinal purposes. Burret., growing in a seasonally dry rainforest. The trunk can reach 1.25m wide in the wild but generally grows to about 0.6m wide under cultivation. , Trees are quick growing in cultivation. It can be used as a street or park tree where space will allow for its mature size and overhead power-lines don't pose a risk. Medicinal plants. Alphitonia excelsa produces cream flowers that, although small, are pleasantly fragrant. (AM AK32717).jpg 3,000 × 4,000; 2.17 MB. It bears small greenish white flowers in late autumn and early winter, followed by globular dark fruit around 1.5 cm (0.5 in) in diameter, which contain two seeds. Flowers are five-petalled. ex Fenzl) Benth. Its bark provides the right environment for an attractive and varied richness of different lichen growths, which can be an additional point of interest. As wind disturbs the leaves you get flashes of white. Palmetto Soft Leaf Buffalo is ideally suited as a lawn in many applications. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. Leaf blades about 3-18.5 x 1.2-6 cm, white or whitish on the underside. Germination of seed may be erratic. It will grow to around twenty metres in warm moist areas, but will be smaller in cooler and drier areas. Customary Medicinal Information for Alphitonia excelsa Community name(s) Nono-groyinandie (Clarence river), Culgeera-culgera (northern New South Wales) Alphitonia excelsa, commonly called Red Ash or Soap Tree, is a generally evergreen, medium tree growing up to 35m tall in wild rainforest settings but usually only reaching about 10m under cultivation. Applying fertiliser during the growing season is beneficial, especially when the Soap Trees are young. The Plant List includes 22 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Alphitonia.Of these 18 are accepted species names. It is best suited for growing in climate zones that have a high humidity in summer & a warm winter, a warm humid summer & a mild winter or in warmer temperate environments. Aspects of xylem anatomy and vulnerability to water stress-induced embolism were examined in stems of two drought-deciduous species, Brachychiton australis (Schott and Endl.) Alphitonia excelsa can be naturally found growing in open eucalyptus forests and adjoining rainforests of New South Wales, Queensland, the Northern Territory and northern Western Australia. I like to write articles containing handy gardening tips, secrets, and general botanical and horticultural nerdiness. Cuttings strike readily but will develop weaker root systems than seed grown plants. Tags: Antibacterial activity. One of 20 species of the genus Alphitonia in Australia and the Pacific Islands, its specific epithet is derived from the Latin excelsus 'tall'. A. Alphitonia excelsa; Media in category "Alphitonia excelsa" The following 15 files are in this category, out of 15 total. Apart from its value as an ornamental tree, Alphitonia excelsa serves as a fodder plant for both sheep and cattle, and is not … It has been suggested as a replacement plant for exotic privets (Ligustrum sinense & Ligustrum lucidu) which can become weeds in local bushland. Native bird species are … 2020;10(2):67-74. The goal of Native Plants Hawaii (NPH) is to create and establish a single, comprehensive and searchable online database / knowledgebase with information updated by participating nurseries and specialists. Alphitonia excelsa is an adaptable tree capable of growing across a wide range of conditions. Additionally, the Soap Tree is a host-plant of the Blue Jewel (Hypochrysops delicia), Indigo Flash (Rapala varuna simsoni) and Fiery Jewel (Hypochrysops ignita) butterflies. This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional. Boca Looking into the canopy of Alphitonia excelsa, the Red Ash or Soap Tree. Stipules long and narrow, about 3-10 x 1 mm, gradually tapering to a fine point. Freshly broken twigs emit a faint sarsaparilla or liniment odour. excelsa, Comprehensive Catalogue of … Pharmacognosy Communications. One of 20 species of the genus Alphitonia in Australia and the Pacific Islands, its specific epithet is derived from the Latin excelsus 'tall'. The alternate leaves measure 5â14 cm (2â6 in) in length and 2â5 cm (1â2 in) wide and are dark glossy green above and silvery with fine hairs underneath, making an attractive contrast on windy days. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. The timber was once so widely used for barrels and buckets that it earned the name 'Coopers Wood'. It is used in bush regeneration as a pioneer species and for amenity planting.  It can be a fodder plant for sheep and cattle, and is a useful pioneer species in bush regeneration. Red Ash (Alphitonia excelsa) A rainforest tree usually 5-10 metres (up to 25 metres). The have been many traditional indigenous uses recorded for Alphitonia excelsa. Alphitonia excelsa is an excellent wildlife tree. ex Fenzl) Benth. Capparis umbonata. ... Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. Freshly broken twigs emit a faint or strong liniment odour. The foliage can be left to extend to the ground or lifted to expose the trunk as desired. Once established Alphitonia excelsa requires little in the way of maintenance. Alphitonia excelsa grows best in a sunny, open position on well drained soils. Alphitonia excelsa is an excellent wildlife tree. Hard to find seeds of this pretty common Aussie species. When young shoots are bruised, they give off a typical odour of sarsaparilla. Alphitonia – from the Greek word, 'alphiton', for barley-groats, a baked barley meal, referring to the mealy red covering around the hard cells in the fruit. Common names: Soap tree, Red ash. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. The leaf vein structure and the pointed apex on these juvenile leaves are quite distinctive. Atalaya hemiglauca. Crushed leaves and berries were used as a fish poison. The undersurface of the leaf blade is silvery/white. Soap tree. Freshly broken twigs emit a faint sarsaparilla or liniment odour. Read more about Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. Alstonia scholaris Stem Bark -- -- Jim Duke's personal files. Alphitonia is derived from the Greek αλφιτον (alphiton), barley meal, and refers to the dry, mealy quality of the mesocarp in the fruits; excelsa is from the Latin excelsus, elevated, high. The bark is grey with light patches and leaf scars. Leaves are ovate 5 -14cm long, dark green and glossy above, and white and hairy below. red ash: [noun] an American ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica) with densely velvety tomentose branchlets and petioles and lower leaf surfaces pubescent — called also#R##N# downy ash; see green ash. 1863. pronounced: al-fit-OH-nee-up ek-KEL-suh (Rhamnaceae — the buckthorn family)common names: red ash, soap tree.  Inland forms can be stunted in appearance. is reassessed for Australia, and five species are recognised. Young leaves were also chewed to aid gastric upset. Water infused with crushed leaves was applied across the head to reduce head aches and sore eyes. Pages in category "Alphitonia excelsa" This category contains only the following page. 1992. The leaves have a glossy green upper-surface and dull silver under-surface providing an attractive color contrast. This small tree suckers from the roots and tends to grow in thickets. Introduction: Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. It has large glossy leaves, and had foliage to the ground if … For the North American plant, see, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alphitonia_excelsa&oldid=933791267, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2020, at 01:43. The effectiveness of these remedies appears to be due to anti-inflammatory chemicals within the plant. Stipules long and narrow, approx.  The flowers are fragrant in the evening..  It has also been used in boat-building and cabinet making, its tough timber a light red or brown in colour. and Cochlospermum gillivraei Benth., and two evergreen species, Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzal) Benth. Alphitonia excelsa Leaf -- 8700.0 1.14 Jim Duke's personal files. It has also been used as a fodder tree for sheep and cattle and is not astringent. The Red Ash is a good small tree for gardens on the east coast reaching a manageable size of about 6 metres.It is noted for the conspicuous silver on the underside of the leaves which becomes more … Common names doi (pronounced ndoi, main name in common use); doi damu, doi selawa (Fiji) ... cordate leaf base, acute but not acuminate leaf apex, more persistent tomentum, and larger flowers. Rhamnus zizyphoides Spreng. Flowers are cream to green in colour. The trunk is pale /grey. It is native to southwestern North America, in the Sonoran Desert and Chihuahuan Desert in the United States (western Texas, New Mexico, Arizona), southern Nevada, southwestern Utah, and northern Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sonora, Nuevo León). The crushed leaves contain saponin and create a lather when rubbed in water, which is how the tree gained its common name. Venation prominent and yellowish below, sunken above. Stipules long and narrow, about 3-10 x 1 mm, gradually tapering to a fine point. It is both drought resistant and will tolerate moderate frost once established. It is the sole host-plant of the Green-Banded Blue (Psychonotis caelius taygetus) butterfly. General Information Alphitonia zizyphoides is a tree, occasionally only a shrub, that can reach a height of 20 - 30 metres ... Seedlings should be pricked out and transplanted to individual containers at the cotyledon or four-leaf stage[312. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Flowers greenish. I first noticed Alphitonia excelsa when driving up the coast. Red ash. Features of Alphitonia Excelsa, the Soap Tree or Red Ash. The way the leaf attaches to petiole (stem) is quite distinctive, just here => It attaches from the underside and the main leaf … Common name soap tree WildNet taxon ID 9659 Alternate name(s) red ash mountain ash leatherjacket white leaf sarsaparilla red tweedie red almond leather jacket humbug coopers wood white myrtle soapbush Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status Least concern Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Native Pest status Nil The flowers are attractive to flies. Insect bites and stings were also treated by applying a water infusion of the crushed leaves to the affected area. Alphitonia excelsa was first described by Eduard Fenzl and reclassified by George Bentham. A. Terracc. Common name: Red Ash Alphitonia excelsa (A.Cunn. , "Soap tree" redirects here. It is a primary coloniser of the rainforest, and is found on forest edges. It's generally found along the coast, on lower tablelands and on slopes with a western aspect. New shoots smell of sarsaparilla when crushed. A. ponderosa is a rare but broadly scattered Hawaiian en- This tree reaches a height of 7â25 metres (23â82 ft), by 5â10 metres (16â33 ft) across. Alphitonia excelsa has an umbrella-shaped, round, spreading canopy that is 5m across. Alphitonia oblata A.R.Bean sp. Leaves are glossy dark green on the upper surface and silvery-white beneath. No Image. ... Alphitonia sp. Scientific Name: Alphitonia excelsa . The timber of Alphitonia excelsa is straight grained and darkens with age to a bright red colour useful for cabinetmaking, tool handles and building. Rhamnaceae. The leaves have a glossy green upper-surface and dull silver under-surface providing an attractive color contrast. Yucca elata is a perennial plant, with common names that include soaptree, soaptree yucca, soapweed, and palmella. Native bird species are attracted to both the fleshly blue-black fruits and the high numbers of insect pests, in particular the looper moth caterpillars like to feed on the foliage of this tree en masse. The taxonomy of the genus Alphitonia Endl. Alphitonia is a genus of arborescent flowering plants comprising about 20 species, constituting part of the buckthorn family ().They occur in tropical regions of Southeast Asia, Oceania and Polynesia.These are large trees or shrubs. Alphitonia excelsa : Tree to 20m. an Australian tree (Alphitonia excelsa) of the family Rhamnaceae with hard wood. Alphitonia excelsa was first described by Eduard Fenzl and reclassified by George Bentham. var. Alphitonia excelsa Red Ash leaf detail. Common Names: Red Ash, Soap Tree, Leatherjacket, Coopers WoodScientific Name: Alphitonia excelsaSynonyms: Colubrina excelsaFamily: RHAMNACEAE. It serves as a food plant for the caterpillars of the moonlight jewel (Hypochrysops delicia), and the caterpillars of the small green-banded blue (Psychonotis caelius taygetus). It stands out from the other trees that line the road, being white against the dark green backdrop, and its habit is noticeably spreading, forming horizontal stripes of pale contrast. Alphitonia excelsa produces cream flowers that, although small, are pleasantly fragrant. Leaves are entire, simple, alternate with an elliptical shape up to 15cm long. It prefers sandy soils. The trunk and larger branches bear fissured grey bark, while smaller branches have smoother grey or white bark.  This is an Australian ornamental tree, with some specimens of high visual appeal. 6-10 x 1 mm tapering to a fine point. Infusions of the bark and root were rubbed on the body to relieve muscle ache or gargled to relieve tooth ache. Petals hooded, about 1.5 mm long. Alphitonia excelsa is semi-deciduous during particularly dry winters and may drop most of its leaves. It is a common regeneration tree. Alphitonia excelsa, commonly known as the red ash or soap tree, is a species of tree in the family Rhamnaceae. Propagate from scarified seed soaked in warm water overnight. This large dead tree has been used by sculptor Worimi Dates to depict the life the Garuahgal people of Raymond Terrace in New South Wales.  The Red Ash has a spreading shade-producing habit when a larger tree with an overall greyish green appearance. Australian plants. Alphitonia excelsa – Red Ash A large ornamental tree which naturally has a lovely natural rounded habit, this makes a great shade tree for larger spaces. and Austromyrtus bidwillii (Benth.) This will connect local nurseries to landscape architects and home growers to promote the use and understanding of local native plants. Alphitonia excelsa was also used in the past for boat-building. It is not suited for extremely small gardens due to its potentially large size when mature. Kimberley (B.Hyland 25117RFK): Phrase name. It is a fast growing pioneer species capable of growing as much as 3m a year under ideal growing conditions.